Who is Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab?

19 05 2009
  • Sheikh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab

The Sheikh was born in the town of ‘Unayzah in the year 1115 AH in a household known for knowledge, nobility and attachment to the religion. He himself memorized the Qur’an before reaching the age of ten and studied fiqh of which he learnt a great deal. He sought knowledge day and night and he used to memorize the books of the various branches of Islamic knowledge. He was granted deep understanding and a very high degree of intelligence by Allah (SWT) and he devoted his time to research, study and writing. He travelled through out Najd and to Makkah and studied the books of knowledge with the scholars. Then he travelled to Medina and studied under the scholars there.

He was a leading Hanbali jurist and a theologian of Najd; more notably remembered as the pioneer of the revivalist movement which began in the Arabian Peninsula, and continued to influence various Islamic movements until today.

Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab was living in a situation much like the Prophet (pbuh) himself, wherein most of the people were dedicated to acts of ignorance and idolatry and only a small number of people were still dedicated to the true religion of their ancestor Abraham. Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab wanted to take the people back to the knowledge of Allah and to keep them from the greatest thing that Allah had prohibited, shirk. Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab could not remain quiet in such a setting. His knowledge and his faith drove him to act. It drove him to try to save those poor people who were following the devil and their desires.

He died in the year 1206 AH. May Allah (SWT) have mercy on him.This is a very brief biography of the Sheikh, however Sheikh Jamaal al-Zarabozo has witter a three hundred and eighty-eight page biography on the Sheikh, which is available in English; “The Life, Teachings and Influence of Muhammad ibn Abdul-Wahhaab” published by ‘The Ministry of Islamic Affairs.’

The Sheikh wrote Thalaathatul-Usool in order to convey to every Muslim that which is obligatory upon him to know – in fact the ‘three principles’ [Thalaathatul-Usool] are based on the three questions that will be asked in our graves.

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